Music as a pain medication: Music increases the expression of PD-L1, attenuates acute and chronic pain, and suppresses mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and inhibits nociceptive neuron excitability, via up-regulation of its target gene, 17/Ocotober/2018, 7.04 pm

Taming cancers with anti-tapeworm drugs: Niclosamide (brand name: Niclocide, Fenasal, Phenasal), an anti-tapeworm drug,  increases the expression of tumor suppressors genes, such as CCM3/KRIT1, TPM1,  p53, TAp63, TAp73, INK4a/ARF, and others, and induces regression of p53-mutated human cancers and other cancers, via up-regulation of its target gene, 16/October/2018, 1.38 pm
October 16, 2018
Analgesics awake the sleeping/cancer-protecting angels in mutant p53-expressing human tumors: Tramadol (brand name: Ultram), an analgesic, increases the expression of tumor suppressors genes, such as HNF4α, CADM2, p53, TAp63, TAp73, INK4a/ARF, and others, and induces regression of p53-mutated human tumors, via down-regulation of its target gene, 18/October/2018, 5.18 am
October 17, 2018
Show all

Introduction: What they say:

A recent study from Institute of Neurobiology, Institutes of Brain Science and State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; and Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, US shows that “PD-L1 inhibits acute and chronic pain by suppressing nociceptive neuron activity via PD-1.” This study was published, in the 22 May 2017 issue of Nature Neuroscience (one of the best journals in Neurobiology with an impact factor of 16.724+), by Prof Ji RR, Chen G and others.


What we say:

On the foundation of this interesting finding, Dr L Boominathan PhD, Director-cum-chief Scientist of GBMD, reports that: Music as a pain medication: Music increases the expression of PD-L1, attenuates acute and chronic pain, and suppresses mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and inhibits nociceptive neuron excitability, via up-regulation of its target gene


What is known?

It has recently been shown that blocking PD-1 with antibodies one could make tumors shrink. This work, relating to Cancer immunotherapy, has been chosen as Science’s breakthrough of the year. However, the work published recently, which is described below, may highlight the caveat in such an approach, as blocking PD-L1 may promote spontaneous pain and allodynia in cancer-bearing mice.

Prof. Ji has shown recently that: (1) Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), produced by melanoma and normal neural tissues, inhibits acute and chronic pain; (2) injection of PD-L1 alleviates pain, and thereby functions as an analgesic agent; (3) Neutralization of PD-L1 or Block of PD1 promotes mechanical allodynia (hypersensitivity to pain); (4) PD1 null mice suffers from thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity; (5) PD-L1 promotes phosphorylation of SHP-1 and inhibits Sodium channels via PD-1 activation; and (6) PD-L1 inhibits nociceptive neuron excitability in dorsal root ganglion and thereby functions as a neuromodulator, suggesting that increasing the expression or the level of PD-L1/PD1 may alleviate pain and thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity.


From research findings to therapeutic opportunity:

Music has been known to attenuate pain.  However, the mechanism of action remains unclear. The study presented here suggests, for the first time, that Music, by increasing the expression of their target genes, it may increase PD-L1 levels (figs. 1-2). Thereby, it may: (a) inhibit acute and chronic pain; (b) alleviate thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity; (c) activate signal transduction cascade downstream of the PD-1 receptor; (c) phosphorylate SHP-1; (d) inhibit sodium channels and nociceptive neuron excitability.

Figure 1.Mechanistic insights into how Music inhibits acute and chronic pain. Music enhances PD-L1 levels, suppresses thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity, phosphorylates SHP-1, inhibits activation of sodium channels, and alleviates nociceptive neuron excitability

Figure 2. Mechanistic insights into how Music functions as an analgesic agent.

Together, this study suggests, with mechanistic basis, for the first time, that Music therapy  may be used to attenuate short-term and long-term pain.

Thus, physicians/pulmonologists may consider recommending music therapy for patients suffering from acute and chronic pain.


 

 

 

 

 

 

Details of the research findings:

Idea Proposed/Formulated (with experimental evidence) by Dr L Boominathan Ph.D.

Terms & Conditions apply http://genomediscovery.org/registration/terms-and-conditions/

Amount: $500#

Undisclosed mechanistic information: How Music increases the expression of PD-L1 and attenuates pain.

# Research cooperation


References:

Citation: Boominathan, L., Music as a pain medication: Music increases the expression of PD-L1, attenuates acute and chronic pain, and suppresses mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and inhibits nociceptive neuron excitability, via up-regulation of its target gene, 17/Ocotober/2018, 7.03 pm, Genome-2-BioMedicine Discovery center (GBMD), http://genomediscovery.org

Web: http://genomediscovery.org or http://newbioideas.com

Courtesy: When you cite drop us a line at info@genomediscovery.org

Comments are closed.