Ribonucleic acid-based therapy for Myocardial Infarction: LncRNA THRIL  inhibits DNA damage responses, induces telomerase expression, inhibits telomere shortening, and promotes cardiomyocyte survival after myocardial infarction, via up-regulation of PNUTS, 24/January/2019, 8.07 pm

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What we say

Dr L Boominathan PhD, Director-cum-chief Scientist of GBMD, reports that: Ribonucleic acid-based therapy for Myocardial Infarction: LncRNA THRIL  inhibits DNA damage responses, induces telomerase expression, inhibits telomere shortening, and promotes cardiomyocyte survival after myocardial infarction, via up-regulation of PNUTS


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From Significance of the study to Public Health Relevance:

Given that: (1)  cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide; (2) the raise of death rate, due to cardiovascular disease, has increased from  123 lakhs in 1990 to 173 lakhs in 2013; (3) 85% of people over 80 years are susceptible to cardiovascular diseases;(4) in India, in 2004, 14.6 lakhs deaths (14% of total deaths) were due to ischemic heart disease; (3) the death due to cardiovascular disease is higher in low-to-middle income countries compared to developed countries; (4) the global economic cost spent in the treatment of cardiovascular disease in 2011 was little more than 10 billion US dollars; (5) an alarming number of people, such as 230 lakhs people, will die from cardiovascular diseases each year by 2030, there is an urgent need to find: (i) a way to induce regeneration of cardiomyocytes that were lost in Myocardial patients; (ii) a cheaper alternative to the existing expensive drugs; and (iv) a side-effect-free Natural product-based drug.


From Research Findings to Therapeutic Opportunity

This study suggests, for the first time, that LncRNA THRIL may delay cardiac ageing. LncRNA THRIL, by increasing the expression of its target genes, it may increase the expression of PNUTS (fig.1). Thereby, it may: (1) inhibit DNA damage responses, (2) increase telomerase expression, (3) inhibit telomere shortening; (4) promote cardiomyocyte survival/regeneration; (5) decelerate aging; and (6) extend lifespan (fig 1). 

Figure 1.  Mechanistic insights into how LncRNA THRIL  induces the expression of PNUTS and Telomerase to prevent myocardial infarction and promote Cardiac regeneration/survival

Figure 2. LncRNA THRIL  functions as a cardioprotective agent through induction of PNUTS

Together, this study suggests that pharmacological formulations encompassing“LncRNA THRIL  or its activators, either alone or in combination with other drugs,” may be used to improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (fig. 2).  


Details of the research findings: 

Idea Proposed/Formulated (with experimental evidence) by:

Dr L Boominathan Ph.D.

Terms & Conditions apply http://genomediscovery.org/registration/terms-and-conditions/

Undisclosed mechanistic information: How does LncRNA THRIL increase the expression of PNUTS/Telomerase?

Amount: $300#

# Research cooperation

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References

Web:http://genomediscovery.org or http://newbioideas.com/

CitationBoominathan, L., Ribonucleic acid-based therapy for Myocardial Infarction: LncRNA THRIL  inhibits DNA damage responses, induces telomerase expression, inhibits telomere shortening, and promotes cardiomyocyte survival after myocardial infarction, via up-regulation of PNUTS, 24/January/2019, 8.07 pm,  Genome-2-BioMedicine Discovery center (GBMD), http://genomediscovery.org

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