Sesame oil-based therapy for Deafness and presbycusis: A therapeutic mix encompassing Sesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) increases the expression of ATG5 (Autophagy-related 5), prevents aggregation of proteins in inclusion bodies, inhibits hair cell degeneration,  improves hearing loss via up regulation of its target genes, 1/June/2019, 6.46 pm

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What we say:

Dr L Boominathan PhD, Director-cum-chief Scientist of GBMD, reports that: Sesame oil-based therapy for Deafness and presbycusis: A therapeutic mix encompassing Sesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) increases the expression of ATG5 (Autophagy-related 5), prevents aggregation of proteins in inclusion bodies, inhibits hair cell degeneration,  improves hearing loss via up regulation of its target genes

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From Significance of the study to Public health relevance:

Given that: (1) more than one seventh of the global population suffers from hearing impairment;  (2) majority of hearing impairment occurs in  low and middle income countries, for instance, 3 in 1000 from developed countries, while 6 in 1000 from developing countries suffer from hearing impairment; and in india, 6.3% of population suffer from auditory loss; (3) damage to the auditory hair cells (HCs) is the principal reason for hearing loss;  (4) only in 50% cases hearing impairment can be cured; and (5) the global annual economic cost spent for unaddressed hearing loss is estimated to be in the range of $750–790 billions, there is an urgent need to find: (i) a way to promote regeneration, growth and proliferation of auditory hair cells  in mammalian cochlea; (ii) a cheaper alternative to the existing expensive drugs; (iii) a side-effect-free natural product-based drug; and (iv) a way to cure, not just treat, hearing impairment.


From research findings to Therapeutic opportunity: 

It is known for years that putting a few drops of sesame oil in your ears may aid in preventing hearing loss. However, is there a scientific basis associated with it?

The uses of sesame oil, in treating hearing impairment, is known, in ayurvedic medicine, for centuries. However, the mechanistic basis of which remains completely obscure for decades. This study provides, for the first time, mechanistic insights into how commonly used sesame oil may aid in the treatment of hearing impairment.

Sesame oil-derived compounds, such as Sesamin and sesamol, by increasing the expression of their target genes, they may increase the expression of ATG5 (Autophagy-related protein 5). Thereby, they may: (1) prevent degeneration of adult hair cells; (2) prevent aggregation of polyubiquitinated proteins and p62/SQSTM1 in inclusion bodies; (3) promote maintenance of hair cells morphology and hearing acuity; and (4) prevent hearing loss and presbycusis. Thus, pharmacological mixture encompassingSesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) or their analogues, either alone or in combination with other drugs, may be used to treat deafness/presbycusis (age-related hearing loss) (Fig.1).

Figure 1 Mechanistic insights into how a therapeutic mix encompassing Sesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) aids in improving hearing impairment. SSCAD prevents aggregation of proteins, promotes regeneration of adult hair cells and inhibits hearing impairment, via up-regulation of its target gene ATG5

Figure 2 Sesame oil chemical constituents prevent hearing loss through induction of ATG5

Figure 3. Sesamin and sesamol can be derived from sesame seeds and sesame oil and others.

Figure 4. Sesamin and Seasmol protect against presbycusis and hearing loss through induction of autophagy-related protein (ATG5)

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Details of the research findings:

Idea Proposed/Formulated (with experimental evidence) by: Dr L Boominathan Ph.D.

Terms & Conditions apply http://genomediscovery.org/registration/terms-and-conditions/

Undisclosed mechanistic information: How does a therapeutic mix encompassing Sesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) increase the expression of ATG5?

Amount: $500#

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References:

Web: http://genomediscovery.org or http://newbioideas.com/

Citation: Boominathan, L., Sesame oil-based therapy for Deafness and presbycusis: A therapeutic mix encompassing Sesamin, sesamol, Cholecalciferol, Ajoene and DIM (SSCAD) increases the expression of ATG5 (Autophagy-related 5), prevents aggregation of proteins in inclusion bodies, inhibits hair cell degeneration,  improves hearing loss via up regulation of its target genes, 1/June/2019, 6.46 pm, Genome-2-Bio-Medicine Discovery center (GBMD), http://genomediscovery.org

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