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Significance:   Given that (1)  more than 387 million people worldwide are affected by Diabetes mellitus (DM); (2) the life-long painful injection/drug treatment is required to treat DM; and (3) the global economic cost spent for diabetes treatment in 2014 was little more than 600 billion US dollars, there is an urgent need to find: (i)  a way to preserve the functioning of adult β-cells  in DM; and (ii) a drug that is free of side effectsThis study suggests, for the first time, that MiRNA-17-5p, by increasing the expression of its target gene, it may increase anti-ageing gene Klotho expression. Thereby, it may: (1) improve human pancreatic beta cell functioning; (2) increase islet cell mass; and (3) improve glycemic control. Thus, pharmacological formulations encompassing “MiRNA-17-5p or its activators” may be used to (1) preserve the functioning of  β-Cell in TIIDM; (2) and extend the life span of humans. Together, this study suggests, for the first time,  a drug candidate–MiRNA-17-5p–that not only cures/treats DM, but also extends lifespan. 

Idea Proposed/Formulated byDr L Boominathan Ph.D.

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To citeBoominathan, MiRNA-based therapy for Preserving β-Cell functioning in DM and  for extending life span of humans: MiRNA-17-5p increases the expression of antiaging and longevity gene Klotho, improves β-Cell function and prevents the development of T2DM  via down regulation of its target gene, 23/April/2015, 7.23 am, Genome-2-Bio-Medicine Discovery center (GBMD), http://genomediscovery.org

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Undisclosed information: How MiRNA-17-5p increases the expression of Klotho

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